Links: Solitary Confinement


American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) Stopmax Campaign

Architects/Designers/Planners for Social Responsibility (ADPSR) Campaign to Prohibit the Design of “Supermax” Prisons

Angola 3

Angola 3 News

Human Rights Coalition

National Religious Campaign Against Torture (NRCAT)

Solitary Confinement

Solitary Watch

Stopmax (AFSC)

Tamms Year Ten

Vera Institute of Justice, Segregation Reduction Project

Selected Publications

The Abuse of Solitary Confinement

Dispatches: Curbing Solitary Confinement in US Prisons: Keep the Pressure On

Fighting a Drawn-Out Battle Against Solitary Confinement

Hellhole: The United States holds tens of thousands of inmates in long-term solitary confinement. Is this torture?

Incarceration in America: Rethinking Solitary Confinement

Look Critically at Widespread Use of Solitary Confinement

The Prison Inside the Prison: Control Units, Supermax Prisons and Devices of Torture

Prisons Rethink Isolation, Saving Money, Lives and Sanity …

Senators Start a Review of Solitary Confinement (6-19-202)

Smart on Crime Coalition Declares Isolated Confinement Is Overused and Harmful

Solitary confinement should be a last resort

Sourcebook on Solitary Confinement

Survival in Solitary: A manual written by and for people living in control units

Solitary Confinement and Mental Illness in U.S. Prisons: A Challenge for Medical Ethics

Teens in Solitary Confinement

Torture in United States Prisons: Evidence of Human Rights Violations

Tortured by Solitude

Unlock The Box: The Fight Against Solitary Confinement in New York

The Worst of the Worst: Supermax Torture in America

Reports & Studies

Alone and Afraid: Children Held in Solitary Confinement and Isolation in Juvenile Detention and Correctional Facilities (2013), ACLU

Boxed In: The True Cost of Extreme Isolation in New York’s Prisons (2012), New York Civil Liberties Union

Change is Possible (March 2013), Zachary Heiden, American Civil Liberties Union of Maine

Growing Up Locked Down (October 2012), ACLU and Human Rights Watch

Inside the Box, ACLU of New Mexico & The New Mexico Center on Law & Poverty (October 2013)

Out of Sight, Out of Mind: Colorado’s Continued Warehousing of Mentally Ill Prisoners in Solitary Confinement (July 2013), ACLU of Colorado

A National Overview of State and Federal Correctional Policies (2013) Liman Public Interest Program at Yale Law School

Invisible in Isolation: The Use of Segregation and Solitary Confinement in Immigration Detention (September 2012) Heartland Alliance’s National Immigrant Justice Center and Physicians for Human Rights

The edge of endurance: Prison conditions in California’s security housing units (September 2012) Amnesty International

Lifetime Lockdown: How Isolation Conditions Impact Prisoner Reentry (8-8-12) The American Friends Service Committee

The American Friends Service Committee’s survivors manual for people living in control units

USA: Cruel Isolation: AI’s Concerns About Conditions in Arizona Maximum Security Prisons (3-4-12) Amnesty International

Kathryn DeMarco, “Disabled by Solitude: The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Its Impact on the Use of Supermax Solitary Confinement,” University of Miami Law Review, Vol.66:523, Dec. 16, 2011.

The Cost of Long-Term Isolation: A Need for Accountability and Policy Safeguards in Supermax Prisons Across the United States (2009), Aaron Ceresnie, Adler School of Professional Psychology

A Sourcebook on Solitary Confinement (2008), Sharon Shalev, Mannheim Centre for Criminology

Locked Up Alone: Detention Conditions and Mental Health at Guantanamo(2008), Human Rights Watch

Confronting Confinement (2006), The Commission on Safety and Abuse in America’s Prisons

The Effects of Solitary Confinement on Prison Inmates: A brief history and review of the literature (2006), P.S. Smith, Crim Just 34:441–568

Wardens’ Views on the Wisdom of Supermax Prisons (2006), D. Nears & J. Castro, Crime & Delinquency, Vol. 52/no. 3, p. 398-431

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Supermax Confinement (2006), Daniel P. Mears, Urban Institute

Supermax Prisons Myths, Realities, and the Politics of Punishment in American Society (2006) J.M. Pizarro, et al, Criminal Justice Policy Review,Vol. 17/no. 1, p. 6-21

Pathological Effects of the Supermaximum Prison (2005), Lorna Rhodes. A.J. Public Health, vol. 95, no. 10

Benefit-Cost Analysis of Supermax Prisons: Critical Steps and Considerations (2004), S.Lawrence & D.P. Mears, Urban Institute: Policy Brief

Ill-Equipped: US Prisoners and Offenders with Mental Illness (2003), New York: Human Rights Watch

Out of Sight: Super-Maximum Security Confinement in the United States(2000), Human Rights Watch

Supermax Prisons: Overview and General Considerations (1999), Chase Riveland, U.S. Dept. of Justice, National Institute of Corrections

Cold Storage: Super-Maximum Security Confinement in Indiana (1997), Human Rights Watch

Videos, Films & Broadcasts

The Gray Box: An Investigative look at solitary confinement

“Solitary Confinement: Torture in Your Backyard” (National Religious Campaign Against Torture)

Cruel and Inhuman

Enduring Solitary Confinement (ABC News)

Explorer: Solitary Confinement (National Geographic)

In the Land of the Free (documentary film re: the “Angola 3” in Louisiana)

Survivors (NPR)

Solitary Confinement: A Question of Morals

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